RAM Credit Rating
The independent ratings and analysis from RAM Ratings help issuers access the capital markets at competitive pricing levels and broaden their investor bases.
1. Process starts when RAM Ratings is mandated to provide ratingThe rating process commences when the potential issuer approaches and appoints RAM Ratings to provide a rating. The relationship is formalised via a rating mandate between the entity to be rated and RAM Ratings. A rating team, comprising 2 to 3 analysts, will be formed to undertake the rating exercise.
2. Information requestRAM Ratings will request for a set of background information and materials from the entity. The information requested for may vary among rated entities, but typically comprises the following:
RAM Ratings does not perform any audit on the information provided by the rated entity or its advisors/agents. Information provided by the entity is deemed accurate.
- Information on the industry(ies) in which the entity operates.
- Overview of the entity’s operations, and supporting statistics.
- Financial information.
- Principal terms and conditions of the proposed debt issue(s).
3. Meeting with key managementAfter reviewing the information, RAM Ratings’ analysts will meet with the key management personnel of the entity. This is an integral part of the rating process, which provides the rating team an avenue to better understand certain trends in the entity’s operating performance, besides gaining insights into its prospects and plans for the future.
4. Deliberation by Rating CommitteePursuant to the management meeting, the rating team will finalise and submit a report (including the recommended rating) to the Rating Committee. The recommendation is premised on information obtained from the entity, as well as the rating team’s own research and assessment (structured according to RAM Ratings’ established methodologies and analytical framework).
5. Entity notified of outcomeOnce the rating has been determined, the rated entity is notified of the rating and the key rating considerations. At this stage, the rated entity may do any of the following:
In the event of an appeal, the Rating Committee will reconvene to deliberate on the new information. The outcome will then be made known to the rated entity. If it decides not to accept the rating (prior to or after an appeal), the rating process will be terminated; any rating assigned up to that point will be deemed lapsed. The option to reject a rating is only available during the initial rating of a debt issue.
- Accept the rating.
- Appeal for reconsideration (by submitting new or additional information).
- Reject the rating.
6. Public dissemination of ratingOnce the rating has been accepted by the rated entity, RAM Ratings will disseminate the rating (and the rating rationale) via the media and our website. Prior to the public release of the rating rationale, a copy will be made available to the rated entity for discussion between the parties involved.
7. SurveillanceRAM Ratings will monitor all assigned ratings throughout the life of each debt issue. In any event, a formal surveillance exercise is scheduled at least once a year. RAM Ratings may, from time to time, also request for additional information and/or meet up with the management to discuss and obtain clarification on any development which may affect the rated entity. RAM Ratings will employ its best efforts to advise the rated entity in advance of any proposed change to the rating, but reserves the right to take such action without prior notice to, or approval of, the rated entity.
8. Confidentiality of informationRAM Ratings will uphold the confidentiality of all information provided by or on behalf of the rated entity, except for information that is publicly available or had already been in our possession prior to it being made available by the rated entity.
9. Timeline of rating processDepending on the level of cooperation from and the responsiveness of the rated entity, the rating process takes about 4 to 6 weeks, from the day of receipt of the mandate and/or information until a decision by the Rating Committee. An initial rating exercise typically takes longer than annual surveillance/reviews.